The history of Japanese acupuncture stretches back to the kingdoms of Xia, Yin,
and Zhou, which prospered from nearly five thousand years ago in ancient China.
Already at that time people were dispensing treatments in the form of the
so-called 'benevolent art', which included stroking and rubbing those who were
suffering from disease. Then, roughly two thousand and some hundred years ago
during the Spring and Autumn and Warring States periods (ca 770BC
which followed the Zhou Dynasty, records of the medical practices up until that
time were written down.
The so-called three great classics of acupuncture, the Su Wen (Basic
Questions), Ling Shu (Spiritual Pivot), and Nan Jing (Book
ofDifficult Issues) were written during the Former Han (206BC
and Later Han (25 ~ 220) dynasties. With them the fountainhead of acupuncture
was established. The theoretical foundation of hari is derived from these
medical classics and the science of ki.
Further, treatments that focused on herbal remedies, which appeared in the
Yangzi River basin in southern China, began to flourish from the time of the Six
Dynasties (229~ 587). Then, from the time of the Sui (581 ~
618) and Tang (618 ~ 907) dynasties acupuncture and herbal medicine began to
influence each other, and both continued to develop.
Acupuncture and Chinese herbal medicine were transmitted along with Buddhism to
Japan starting in the Nara period (710 ~ 794). Both flourished greatly during
the Heian period (794 ~ 1192). Then, during the Edo period (1603 ~ 1867) a
uniquely Japanese form of treatment, which focused on pulse and abdominal
diagnosis, was developed and reached new heights of prosperity.
However, during the Meiji period (1868 ~ 1912) contemporary Western biomedicine
became dominant when traditional East Asian culture was pushed into the corner.
At that time the Japanese government was in such a hurry to implement a policy
of increasing the nation's wealth and military power that it adopted Occidental
culture across the board, including medicine. Thereafter practitioners of
Chinese herbal medicine nearly vanished in the shadows. Acupuncture on the
other hand continued to survive, although at a distance from mainstream
From the Showa Era (1926 ~ 1989) until the present, people have not been
satisfied with only the symptomatic treatment of biomedicine, and there has been
resurgence in the general awareness of the value of East Asian medicine, which
is based on holistic thinking. Further research and development in the field
has brought us to the point we are at today.
Copyright 2006 CULIA KI CLINIC INC. All rights reserved